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ISRO’s Next Mission With Announces Aditya L1 to Study Sun

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As soon after ISRO lands its rover on the Moon, the space organization is set to launch Aditya-L1, the first space-based Indian mission to examine the gigantic Sun is slated for September 2, 2023, at precisely 11.50 IST from Sriharikota. Aditya-L1 will be the first space-based Indian observatory to leave the Sun utterly possible examination.

The craft will be placed in a halo orbit early around the Lagrange point 1 (L1) of the Sun-Earth system, the actual distance of 1.5 million km from the Earth. A satellite on the halo orbit around the L1 point has the major trump card of continuously viewing the Sun without collapsing with eclipses.

The spacecraft will be responsible for observing and studying the solar activities and its elements on space climate in real-time. The real-time craft will be loaded with seven payloads to study the photosphere, chromosphere, and the Sun’s outermost layers, harnessing electromagnetic and magnetic field detectors.

These seven payloads have specific departments and particular vantage points to look after as the four payloads are put down on the L1 point to view the Sun. In contrast, the other three payloads distance out to carry out in-situation studies of particles. The upper layers of Aditya L1 payloads are likely to provide the most critical details to discern the issue of coronal heating, coronal mass ejection, pre-flare and flare histories, and their characteristics. The fundamental science objectives of Aditya-L1’s mission are to examine Solar upper atmospheric (chromosphere and corona) dynamics and patterns.

Scrutinize chromospheric and coronal heating, physics of the shambolic ionized plasma, laying down of the coronal mass ejections, and flaresStudy the in-situ particle and plasma environment, offering data for particle dynamics from the Sun. Physics of solar corona and its heating functionalities. Identifying the coronal and coronal loops plasma: Temperature, velocity, and density.Development, dynamics, patterns, and origin of CMEs.


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